Indian Music


Music has always been an essential part of lives of people. Easing the nerves can be a pretty dainty task during the burdensome daily social obligations. Music has been flourishing in the Indian culture since the beginning. It grew from simple melodies into traditional well systemized classical and semi classical music system. Music has been expressed in the Vedas of Arjun along with several musical instruments like drums are also visualized in the holy books.

Most people relate the Indian music to the Amir Khusro, the musician of the court of Alau Din Khilji. Music had great influence in the musical court of Mughal emperors like Akbar and Jahangir. Tanseen was renowned as the jewel of the crown of Akbar. Music prevailed in the courts as a mean of learning and entertainment for courts of the kings. Since then music has its roots in the history of Hindustan.

Then came the greatness of saints who were also poets and started a movement in their own vernacular tongues. Movements like ‘baht’ were the incarnation of the same saints as they spread their popularity in the subcontinent.

Gharranas of Hindustan:

Classical music of Hindustan involves the role of Gharranas. These can be referred as the styles. Each Gharrana had its own distinct feature of singing the music and due to those peculiar styles; different Gharranas had their competitions or were considered more. These Gharranas served as the musical education hubs for people and students. Each student who attained education from the particular institution was called to be the alumni or the follower of that particular Gharrana. These Gharranas used conventional styles of musical training and provided the world with most renowned music masters.

Classical Music Schools:

Classical music is richly endorsed in the tradition of Indian musical history. South and North Indian had their own versatile music styles and both schools of music had a vast effect on the daily social lives of human beings of Hindustan. The Indian music was not only inspired from Vedas and classical music tradition but also from Persian intellect of Sufis and other dialects.

Music Rhythms:

Achal Swaras are the permanent Swaras of the seven melodic notes. SA and Pa are the achal swaras of the Hindustani classical music. The term Arohi, also identified as Arohana & Aroh, is termed to describe the mounting melody in Indian classical music.

Musical instruments:

Musical instruments are highly prevalent even in the Vedas of Hindu religion. Sitar is the most prominent instrument in the north part of India. Sitar is a big instrument like a guitar upside down and has a huge neck with strings. Sitar is considered as the chief instrument in the Gharranas of North Hindustan. There are other instruments mentioned in Vedas as well such as drums and flutes. Lord Krishna used to play a flute to entertain himself and his cattle.

Carnatic genre:

Carnatic music has its origin in the south India and is also referred as ‘Sangeet’. It is considered to be the most popular music genre in the south of India and, many gharranas have its roots deep in the history of Indian music industry.

Indian film industry:

Indian film industry generally termed as ‘Bollywood’ is a well known film industry throughout the world and possesses many international acclamations. This industry produces hundreds of music every year and thousands since the past decade. These movies were generally musicals with a many music and dance numbers.

Indian music fused with Rock:

Indian fusion music is not a very early genre of Bollywood but was introduced in 1955, when Ali Akbar performed his music in fusion with rock and roll in the United States of America. This genre quickly got the attention of youngsters because it had vigour in its beats that the youngsters adore.


Ghazal has its roots in Arabic poetry. Basically it is not a genre of music but merely a recitation of poetry along music has provided it enough fame to be known worldwide and provided many ghazal singers such as Mehndi Hassan and Muhammad Ali. Today it is considered as the Urdu Ghazals and Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib’s ghazals are mostly sung.

Folk Music of India:

India is a culturally diverse country and many people from different ethnics and cultures reside here and due to this, each country has its own culture and songs. So many folk songs are sung in the different corners of the India and are beautifully different from each one.


India is the most culturally rich land. Let it be artists, painters, music or any other industry, it has been proven that India consists of the people who are very rich in its culture and tradition. So music thrived in this fertile land of innovation and since then has been ruling the world with the utmost talent. Now when we look at the music industry then we see Rappers such as ‘Badshah’ are trending number one on the YouTube.

Leave a Reply